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Historical Places
Historical places in India
Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941, defined tourism as people who travel "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity. In 1976, the Tourism Society of England's definition was: "Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It

Hunziker and Krapf, in 1941, defined tourism as people who travel "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity. In 1976, the Tourism Society of England's definition was: "Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destination outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It
 
 
Jantar Mantar
Connaught Place New Delhi
   
Of the five astronomical observatories built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743), Jantar Mantar, at Delhi is one of them. (Others were erected at Ujjain, Varanasi, Jaipur and Mathura) Built in 1724, it contains six masonary instruments, the largest one Samrat Yantra (Supreme Instrument) is like a sun dial. Built for observing the movements of the stars and the planets.

Through these Yantras one can known about the shortest and the longest day of the year, days of the week, months, time and other astronomical data.

 
 
Rajasthan Forts
Jaipur
   
The imposing forts of Rajasthan are famous all over the world. During medieval times the state was a collection of a large number of independently existing kingdoms. The forts were built by the rulers of these kingdoms to safeguard their territory from foreign invasions. Battlement was an important feature of the fort. Some of the forts of Rajasthan succumbed to the invasions and could not hold against time.
But the ruins left still provide useful insights about their strength and the era of their construction.
The forts of Rajasthan feature the sites where popular cities and towns were founded. Many of these forts are built at an elevation; on a hill top, so as to provide a vantage point. The fort complexes hold a lot many attractions including the royal courtyards, palaces and museums. The architecture of these forts is superb. These lofty structures are visible even from distant places in the cities where they stand grounded. The land area covered by many of the fort walls is also incredible.
Terraces and turrets is a special feature of the forts of Rajasthan. Tourists often wait for long to have a view of the setting sun from these places. The massive structures and ancient architecture gives a feeling of primordial protection at such places. The forts of Rajasthan moreover carry a lot of legends, have witnessed many historical events and have preserved many of the heritage possessions of which the state boasts about.
 
 
Amber Fort Palace
Amber (Amer) Jaipur
   
Amber is a small place some 11 kms north east of Jaipur. The place served as the capital and was ruled by Kachhwaha clan, before it was moved to the city of Jaipur. The construction of the fort was started by the Man Singh I, as early as 1592 A.D. Further additions to the fort were made by his successors, from time to time, until the place was abandoned for Jaipur.
Jaipur. The last to contribute in the construction of this wonderful fort was Jai Singh I. The fort that was built primarily to retain a strategic position in the region. Amber Fort stands perched on a small hill overlooking Lake Maotha. The fort, built with white marble and sandstone, features more than a millitary command post. With its luxurious interiors the fort is par excellence. The outer walls, that stands erected to safeguard the interiors, are more rugged and craggy looking. There are enormous gateways, palace halls, pavilions and stairways housed within the fort complex.
The first and the foremost feature of Amber Fort is its beautiful appearance. From a distance, the fort and its reflection in the adjacent lake looks quite remarkable. The main gate is called the Suraj Pol and leads to the main courtyard. There is a small stairway that lead to a temple called Shila Devi Temple. The temple with silver doors and great silver lions is a real attraction. From the main courtyard follows a stairway leading to the second courtyard. Located here is Diwan-e-Am or the Hall of Public Audience.
 
 
Hawa Mahal
Jaipur Rajasthan
   
Hawa MahalThe ornamental facade of this "Palace of Winds" is a prominent landmark in Jaipur. Their five-storey structures of sandstone plastered pink encrusted with fine trelliswork and elaborate balconies. The palace has 953 niches and windows. Built in 1799 by Pratap Singh, the Mahal was a royal grandstand for the palace women.
 
 
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